In recent months, due to the unbalanced global economic recovery, the sharp rebound of epidemic situation in many places in the world, and the arrival of Christmas, new year and other traditional transportation peak seasons, many ports in Europe and the United States are congested, but many domestic ports are extremely short of containers. In this case, many large shipping companies began to levy congestion surcharges, peak season surcharges, shortage charges and other surcharges.
That is to say, the freight from the salt fields burst out last week to Al khsilas has reached a high level of 10000 USD, and Sudan has entered the era of 10000 yuan sea freight this week.
Industry analysts said novel coronavirus pneumonia was the main reason for the global economic recovery. At present, freight rates are almost at the highest level. With the past of the peak transportation season and the recovery of the global economy, the freight rates will slowly fall back.
Corresponding to the growth of China's foreign trade export, there is an obvious imbalance of global container shipping capacity resources. In Shanghai, Ningbo, Lianyungang and other large ports, due to the extremely lack of containers, the transportation capacity is greatly affected, resulting in the delay of berthing operation and the delay of some goods export. The situation of foreign ports is not optimistic.
America: Long Beach port and Los Angeles port are paralyzed
Long beach and Los Angeles are the two busiest ports in the United States. In October, the throughput of these two ports reached double-digit growth year-on-year, both setting a record. It is reported that the container throughput of Changtan port in October was 806603 TEUs, a year-on-year increase of 17.2%, breaking the historical record set a month ago.
According to the California Trucking Association (CTA) and the United States port Truck Transportation Association (HTA), 10000 to 15000 containers have been stranded at the terminals in Los Angeles and long beach ports alone, leading to a "near complete paralysis" of cargo transportation at the two major ports; the west coast port and Chicago are also at a loss for the large number of empty containers brought about by the surge in imports.
With the continuous booming of Sino US routes, strong growth of freight volume, influx of a large number of goods and sustained rebound of freight volume, the port of Los Angeles in the United States is experiencing unprecedented busy and congestion.
Gene seroka, executive director of the port of Los Angeles, said the port's yard was currently full of containers full of goods, and port workers worked overtime to handle containers. In order to reduce the spread of the virus, the port has temporarily reduced about a third of the port workers and port personnel, which is difficult to supplement in time, which means that the loading and unloading of ships will be greatly affected.
At the same time, the problems of equipment shortage, prolonged loading and unloading time, and the serious imbalance of container trade in the Pacific Ocean have resulted in a large number of imported containers overstocked in American ports, congestion at terminals, and poor container turnover, resulting in blocked cargo transportation.
"The port of Los Angeles is currently experiencing a large number of ships entering the port. The unplanned berthing vessels have brought us a very difficult problem. The port is very congested and the arrival time of ships may be affected," said gene seroka
Some agencies predict that the congestion in U.S. ports will continue until the first quarter of 2021, as volume demand remains high. More delays are just beginning!
UK: container flooding into villages
It is reported that Britain's overflowing containers have spread from the country's ports and distribution centers to towns and villages. At present, Felix STO, the largest container port in the UK, is in serious congestion, with a large number of containers piling up. The port once refused to arrive empty containers.
The congestion has not eased, and the embattled port has to refuse to accept empty containers again in order to continue to clear the congestion and backlog.
Mediterranean shipping, which expects congestion at UK ports to continue into the new year, has announced a congestion charge of $50-175 per TEU for all imported containers.
Goods from far east countries of origin will be collected from December 1;
Goods imported from other regions will be collected from November 16;
From December 10, congestion will be imposed on all types of containers imported from the UK.
"During this period of very high imports, many British ports are facing the challenge of delayed berthing and increased stay time," Mediterranean said Industry insiders expect container congestion at UK ports to continue until early 2021.
MSc has announced that it will impose congestion charges on all imported containers, ranging from $50 to $175 per TEU, due to continued congestion at UK ports.
Goods imported from the Far East will be collected on December 1;
Goods imported from the United States will be collected from December 10;
From November 16, congestion charges will be imposed on imported goods from other regions.
Spain: congestion surcharge
Due to the impact of congestion at the port of Bilbao in Spain on operations, MSC will charge a congestion surcharge (CGS) for cargo to and from Bilbao.
A surcharge of 100 / US $125 / TEU will be imposed on all goods entering and leaving Bilbao with effect from November 16, B / L. except for goods to and from the United States, the date of execution of the bill of lading will be levied from December 5.
MSc said in its announcement that the surcharge was implemented to "maintain the service at the required level" and continue to monitor the situation in Bilbao and update the charges accordingly.
In a short time, the transport capacity will still be insufficient, but the export momentum will continue to be strong
According to the analysis of industry insiders, the epidemic situation in Europe and the United States is experiencing the second wave. Therefore, China, which took the lead in the recovery, has a large number of industrial products to be transported outward, but there are not many industrial products on the return journey, which leads to the unsmooth flow of containers in the world.
So it's not the boxes that are missing, it's just that the boxes are not evenly distributed. Global container shipping is originally a cycle, such as from China to Singapore, Europe, the Middle East, and then back to China, in the process of continuous transshipment of different goods.
However, the outbreak of the epidemic disrupted the "closed loop". Europe and the United States imported a lot of goods from China. However, due to the impact of the epidemic, the shortage of manpower and supporting facilities led to the failure of empty boxes to get out. In fact, since May and June this year, this situation has already appeared.
According to the analysis of industry insiders, the current freight rate of each large container (40teu) of goods from the United States to Asia is only $400 to $500, while that of goods from Asia to the west of the United States exceeds $3800 per large container and that to the east of the United States exceeds $4600. Therefore, in order to ship the empty containers arriving at European and American ports back to Asia for export as soon as possible, shipping companies have tried not to accept return cargo.
It is also because China's economic recovery is better, European and American countries focus on China's purchasing demand. For China, foreign trade enterprises may face the situation of insufficient transport capacity in a short time, but the export will remain strong for a period of time.